Keeping your information secure
But there are a few things to keep in mind to make sure your information is secure, from your essay due next week to your card details.
Use strong passwords
You should use strong passwords to keep your accounts and information protected. Protect yourself from someone accessing your account without your permission by:
- Including capital letters, numbers and special characters such as an exclamation mark or hash in your passwords
- Not using the same password for multiple logins
- Pay attention to what websites you're typing your passwords and personal details into
- Using 2-step verification through your mobile where possible
- Using a pin or fingerprint to unlock devices
Back up your data
Whether it's your notes from yesterday's lecture, revision for tomorrow's exam or your final year thesis submission, the last thing you want to do is lose your work.
A stray glass of water can be the end of your laptop and all the work you've saved on it. Storing your data on a cloud-based system like Google Drive lets you access the same info on more than 1 device.
You can also make sure your information is better protected by using encryption. The files you store on Google Drive are automatically encrypted, and you can use FileVault to encrypt all files your keep on your Mac device.
Security software and antivirus
Security and antivirus software is one of the most important ways you can keep your computer protected. Without security and antivirus software, you leave your device open to malware and adware, which can install unwanted software on your browser or computer.
Security and antivirus software can protect you from most malicious software and potential hacking threats. But you still need to be mindful of what you're accessing when online.
Virtual private networks
Using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a great way to stay better protected online. It creates a secure, encrypted connection to the internet that masks your device's identity and location. It's handy if you regularly access public wifi networks at coffee shops or use your card online.
To stay secure, make sure you should:
- Use up-to-date antivirus software if you're using a Windows machine
- Install the latest updates on your Mac, which includes security software
- Use a malware scanner to scan your computer for anything your antivirus might have missed
- Always remember that if something looks suspicious, it's best not to click it
Phishing and scam emails
You or someone you know has probably received a random email offering money with no apparent strings attached.
These are phishing emails – emails designed to make you click on them or to enter your personal information. There are loads of these emails around, and not all of them will be automatically filtered out of your inbox and into your junk folder.
Some are more discrete than others, but here are things you can do to check if it's a phishing email.
How to check if an email is a scam:
- Check if the person sending the email is someone you know
- Check the full email address – sometimes the name will appear as a legitimate sender like 'Apple ID' or 'Microsoft'
- The greeting is probably impersonal, such as 'Dear Student'
If you've come across a phishing email, don't click on anything in the email or enter any of your details. The best thing you can do if you receive one is to delete it.
If the email is impersonating someone from an official body, such as your university or Student Finance, report the email to an authority. Scam emails about Student Finance should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Secure banking and online payments
When you're buying something online, be cautious and use the following guidance:
- Check the web address you're purchasing from is legitimate – if it begins with 'https://' and has a padlock symbol then you know it's a more secure site
- Use an online payment service rather than your card when making purchases – there are extra buyer protections and you aren't putting your details into the site directly
- If you can, use thumbprint or mobile verification when making purchases
- Don't log into your accounts or enter card details on public computers or networks without a VPN